When your doctor said that you have bone bruise, a question pops up in your head: is it different from bone fracture in any way? The pain is killing you! You might think that your doctor is lying to you. Well, take a look at your X-Ray result. If you do not see any crack or fine line on your bone, then the doctor is telling you the truth.
Because this injury is not a broken bone, the treatment is also different. It is not a bruise you see on your skin.
Symptoms of bone bruise include swelling and severe pain. Therefore, it is normal to say that you have bone fracture after the incident.
“Bone bruise” usually happen to those with high running activity. For example: basketball and soccer athlete.
It doesn’t mean that you will never have it. Bone bruise could happen to everyone.
The chance is higher for those who have problem with knees. If you see the symptoms, do yourself a favor by visiting hospital for thorough medical checkup.
Since the term of this injury will be technical, probably it is better for you to have a head start.
Gear yourself with basic knowledge of bone fracture, before you go to your doctor.
Can A Bone Bruise?
Yes, absolutely.Bone bruise is a traumatic injury to a bone. Comparing to a bone fracture, this injury is less severe.
In short, you can call a stage before bone fracture. It is the result of strong hit to the bone.
This could happen if you get accident, fall or bump while doing sports. Twisting your ankle is also a possible factor.
When a joint is twisted, two bones might slam into each other forcefully. If you have arthritis, you can develop bone bruise, too.
It is caused by the friction between two bones. Check out the following facts for more detailed information.
- What happen to the bone?
Structure of a bone is similar to an iron bar with a lot of nets in it. The area that holds the net is called trabeculae. The sudden pressure or shock breaks the fibrous tissue in this area. As the result, a lump of blood will form.
- Which area prone to bone bruise?
The bone structures close to the skin surface has the highest risk. For example: knees, heels and elbow.
- Is there any way to prevent it?
We suggest you to wear safety gear during sport practice and competition. While driving, do not forget to fasten your seat belt.It helps to lower the risk in case of accident.
What Does A Bone Bruise Feel Like?
It is very painful. It strikes you right after the hit.
The area around the bone will be tender if you touch it. You still have control of the body part.
How long should a bruised bone hurt? The pain will be gone if you rest your body in certain position. However, it last for weeks or even months.
Bone bruise also make it difficult for you to move, because it affects the muscle. Let’s hit some facts for better understanding.
Is My Bone Bruised Or Broken?
According to the information mention in Webmd.com, the symptom of bone fracture includes severe pain in the injured area. The pain will get worse if you move that body part.
In some cases, the victim cannot move or feel the area with broken bones. Open bone fracture is even easier to notice: the bone ripped off the outer skin.
What To Do For A Bruised Bone?
If you see the skin color change around the bones, put cold compress on it. Simply put the ice on top of the bone. It should help to reduce the swelling and internal bleeding.
If you cannot bring the person to hospital immediately, move them slowly and carefully to safer area. Make it sure that you not do any more damage to the bone.
What Are The Bone Bruise Symptoms?
The symptoms of this condition should include:
- Pain and tenderness in the area that get direct hit
- Swelling muscle in the surrounding tissue
- Pool of blood under the skin
- Blue or purple skin discoloration because the hit also break the tissue
- Stiffness, as the result of congealed blood around the joint
- Difficulty to move the affected joint
- Stinging pain if you move the injured body part
There are several important things to know when you have the symptoms.
- How do you reduce the symptoms?
The bleeding itself should get professional treatment. For the pain, we recommend some pain killer.
Pick those with acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help with the swelling.
- When should you see the doctor?
There are several situations require you to see the doctor. It includes:
- When the pain in swelling area is getting worse, even after cold compress.
- You still feel the pain a couple of days after the minor or major accident.
- When the color of the bruise is getting darker.
- You notice that the bruise starts spreading.
- You cannot control the muscle on the injured area.
- If you have the history of easy bruising and severe accident that involves bleeding.
- When you notice the swelling is getting bigger every day.
- You are experiencing bleeding not only in the injured area, but also in your urine or from your nose.
- What will the doctor do to my bone?
The best way to know if you have bone bruise is by conducting X-Ray test. From the result, the doctor can decide whether your bone is broken or not.When no fracture is detected, you will be directed to MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). From this result, you will be able to see the abnormal shape of the bone tissue.Depending on the level of damage, the prescribed note will be varied.
How To Treat A Bone Bruise?
Follow the guide below to provide the best treatment for a bruised bone.
- Rest the affected area.
Resist yourself from moving too much. You need to reduce any stress or excessive movement on the bone.Put in mind that bone takes longer healing time. When the tissues are healed, give more time for your bone.Even though it sounds easy, staying still is difficult. Especially when you have the bone bruise in knees or rib.For example, you may attach a knee brace to lower the pressure. For bruised rib, avoid lifting anything with great weight.As an alternative, we also suggest splits, elastic bandages, athletic tape, crutches, and slings.
- Stay indoor
Active people hates couch and sofa. When you have bruised bone, these items are your new friends. Stop your sport activities for a while. Forcing yourself is a bad idea. Good rest for several days will not kill you. But dragging your injured body for a day will.
- Raise your leg
As seen in most bone cases, you might need to hang your injured leg to a string. Make sure the position is higher than your head.
- Treating pain with heat and cold
For the first days, you can wrap cold pack around the bruised area. Make cold pack by putting ice inside a clean cloth.If you don’t have any, simply put in a plastic bag.
Do this routine in ten to fifteen minutes for three to four hours period. If you see that the swelling is getting better, alternate the ice pack with heat pack.You can also use hot water bottle wrapped in a towel.
- Take the medication as prescribed
You will get painkillers and some antibiotics. These may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Some of them are ibuprofen (Motrin), diclofenac (Voltaren), or piroxicam (Feldene). Stop any drug store medication if you are taking one.
Some bone supplement or drug might be there, too. Read carefully the written instruction.
Make sure you take it the antibiotics to the last tablet. Take it with food to avoid digestive problem. Avoid taking the medication with food if the doctor tells you not to.
- Stay away from cigarette
Two main ingredients of cigarette will slow down the recovery progress. Tobacco and nicotine interfere with blood vessels. They make the blood flow slower. As the result, it is difficult to break the blood lump. Furthermore, you may get complication.
- Keep the alcohol away
Alcohol destroy the bone. It also makes the blood thinner and disrupting the normal flow.
- Don’t eat junk food
It has high sodium content. As the result, the bone might loss some of the essential calcium.
- Don’t eat sugar
Do not consume refined sugar in recovery time. It makes the swelling bigger.
- Change your diet
You have problem with bones. We say you have to take bone supplements. Calcium, vitamin D, and protein are helping your body to rebuilt the broken bone. Sunbathing in the morning is also useful.
- Consider physical therapy
This step will help you to reduce the pressure to the bone. It could also make you experience less discomfort in daily activities. Basically, the routine is helping you to handle the painful bone.
How Long Does A Bone Bruise Take To Heal?
Depending on the damage. Light bone bruise could heal in weeks.
Severe injury will take one or two months. Some cases might take several months.
In the first weeks, you cannot do your sports activity.
Even for your daily activities, it will be limited. You will tie the bandage around the bruised knee.
You need to recognize several situations to identify the heeling phase. Check out the following guides.
- How do you know that the bruise is getting better?
Take a look at your skin color. When you get the bruised bone, the color will be dark.
Once the color is brighter, you know for sure that your bone is healing. For instance, the tissue layer.
Several weeks later, your skin will turn into normal. Give couple of weeks more for the inner bone to recover.
- Is there any complication?
Yes. The following complications should get your attention.
It happens when you stubbornly move a lot during recovery process. The healing will be delayed.
It could turn into the real bone fracture.
- Avascular necrosis:
When you have very large bruises, the lump of blood might be lethal. At least, for that part of the bone.
It will lead to necrosis and death of the bone.
It is the bigger version of blood lump. You will feel stronger pain.
The bruise color will be brighter. The swelling is bigger.
When you touch the bruising part, you will feel warm or hot.
Bone injury is an unfortunate incident. It will be more horrifying if you do not know what is actually going on with you. Any excessive shocked to the bone may cause fracture. Notice the symptom and perform suitable first aid. During the recovery period, follow the doctor’s instruction carefully. If you could do this, your bone bruise will be cured in no time.