In general, the bruises that arise around the ankle are caused by an abnormal condition called injury due to overweight activity commonly referred to as a sprain. Under these conditions, the ligaments that surround the ankle are accidentally forced to stay in prolonged length due to exercise movement or lifting heavy loads, thereby causing the ligaments to tear or even twist.
Ligaments itself is a muscle layer that resembles a ribbon and is located around the joints and serves to connect one bone with another. When you are experiencing this injury, there are some symptoms that you can feel such as pain around the ankle that makes you difficult to move or even can not walk, the bruises and swelling around the affected area, you can generally handle this kind of condition without any intervention from the doctor, but indeed you will feel the pain that is very disturbing for your activities.
Therefore, you should avoid doing heavy activities if you have not warmed up before. Ideally when you are going to exercise then you have to warm up which is very useful to familiarize and prepare your muscles and joints to bear a heavy burden during exercise as well as when going to do the daily activities.
What Causes Bruising Around the Ankles?
Some of the bruises that occur around the ankle are generally caused by injury due to excessive activity. The riskiest activity is an exercise where on the one hand the sport is very good for the health of the body but if we are not careful and do not do the exercise procedure properly then it will harm our body especially on the muscle, joint, and bone structure.
In addition, lifting heavy loads during everyday activities can also cause an injured ankle due to bear a burden that is too heavy. Furthermore, a very sudden movement can also risk making your ankle sprained. In some cases accidents such as falling or colliding can also cause you an ankle injury. The strains are divided into 3 types based on their severity, which are:
- The first level, where the ligaments experience a mild stretching condition so as not to affect the joints.
- The second level, there is a small tear in the ligaments that affect the joints such as pain or the occurrence of bruises.
- The third level, where the ligaments are completely ruptured and the composition of the joints become unstable.
What Causes Unexplained Bruises on My Ankles?
The bruised ankle is generally caused by the injury that we experience due to the excessive activity. However, have you ever found a bruise but did not feel anything before? The case is often encountered and in general, many people still associate it with mystical things which of course is just a myth. Actually, there are some circumstances that can cause bruises in addition to collision or injury, including:
1. Lacks of vitamins
Many people who do not know that certain vitamin deficiencies will facilitate the appearance of bruises around our body is no exception ankle. Vitamin C deficiency causes weakened blood vessels and eventually easy to experience bruises because vitamin C serves to maintain the body’s organs endurance. Vitamin B12 deficiency will also facilitate the emergence of bruises because this vitamin will work with folate to make the DNA of red blood cells. Next is a deficiency of vitamin K so that the blood vessels more easily leak and cause bruises on the surface of the skin, because this vitamin serves to make the process of blood clotting.
2. Diabetics sufferers
Diabetes, in fact, can trigger the emergence of bruises around the body because the process of metabolism and blood circulation sufferers tend to not fluent. In addition, people with this disease are vulnerable to hyperglycemia which is a condition where blood sugar levels in the body far exceed the normal limit and are generally experienced by most diabetics. Blood sugar levels that very high can be at risk of damaging blood vessels and leaking so that there will be bruises on the skin surface.
3. Patients with thrombocytopenia
It is one of the health disorders in which the number of platelets in the body continues to decrease or decrease the amount that should be. Under normal circumstances, most adults have about 150,000 – 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. A person that experiencing this condition is more likely to experience bleeding in both the blood vessels and other body parts such as the mucosa of the mouth, eyes, gums, and others.
How to Treat Bruised Ankle?
There are several independent healing steps you can take at home when you have a foot injury that results in bruising, where this healing step is called PRICE:
- Protection, where you should avoid activities involving infected parts for 48 – 72 hours.
- Rest, where you are required to rest your ankles on various activities and use shoes or other supports if any injuries you are experiencing are at risk to compromise your joint position.
- Ice is a stage to relieve pain and reduce the bruises that appear on the skin surface. Giving ice to the infected area will give effect to relieve pain, but most people just soak the feet in warm water which will aggravate the pain after the immersion process is complete. Giving ice to your ankle is recommended for 2 hours, with a 15-minute pause every 10-15 minutes of ice, this will help you reduce pain due to injury.
- Compression is a stage that serves to reduce the swelling that generally occurs in the first 48 hours after the injury. You can infect the infected part with a plastic bandage to reduce the risk of excessive swelling and do not forget to remove the bandage before you sleep so that blood circulation is maintained.
- The elevation is the last stage that helps reduce swelling and eliminate the bruising where you have to put the ankle injury has a height that parallels to the hips. Therefore you can put your feet on a chair, sofa, or other legs stand while you are sitting.
How Long Does a Bruised Ankle Bone Take to Heal?
In general, the process of healing mild injury to the ankle takes 4-7 days to relieve the pain then it takes up to 10 days to completely remove bruises on the ankle if you do the healing process properly. Therefore, when subjected to an ankle injury you are asked to avoid the HARM factor which is the more severe triggering factor, ie:
- Heat. Avoid hot water baths or exposed to hot water especially on parts that are injured during the first 2-3 days. Because basically hot water will increase the risk of inflammation and bleeding so that in addition to your more visible bruises you will also experience great pain due to inflammation that occurs.
- Alcohol. During the healing period, reduce the consumption of alcohol because it will inhibit the process of reducing pain and bruising.
- Running. If you really enjoy running sports, hold yourself to do these activities because it will aggravate your injury and increase the risk of miss the location of your joints.
- Massage. In general most people will do massage after injury or sprained but a hasty massage will actually exacerbate the inflammation and bleeding that occurred. New massage may be done after 3 days of your injury.
Therefore, always be careful in doing any activity such as exercise activity, heavy lifting activities. Good prevention will certainly minimize injuries that will cause bruised ankles.